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Decision Tree’s Features of Application in Classification Problems
I.L. Kaftannikov, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation, firstname.lastname@example.org
A.V. Parasich, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation, email@example.com
The article describes the application of decision trees in classification problems. In recent years, decision trees are widely used for computer vision tasks, including object recognition, text classification, gesture recognition, spam detection, training in ranking for information search, semantic segmentation and data clustering. This is facilitated by such distinctive features as interpretability, controllability and an automatic feature selection. However, there are number of fundamental shortcomings, due to which the problem of decision trees learning becomes much more complicated. The article provides the analysis of advantages and disadvantages of decision trees, the issues of decision trees learning and testing are considered. Particular attention is given to balance of training dataset. We also consider the decision forests and methods of its learning. A brief overview of methods for reducing errors interdependence of decision trees in decision forests learning is given. Methods for overcoming of drawbacks of decision trees are offered, results of these methods are proposed.
decision trees, decision forests, machine learning, classification
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